The Authors of the Oregon Encyclopedia
Patricia Saab's enthusiasm for gemstones soared when she discovered the beautiful Oregon sunstone. A 26-year resident of Oregon, a gemstone and pearl scholar, Patricia's jewelry designs often combine this fascinating gem with agate, opal and jasper also mined in Oregon, or with rare pearls.
Henry Sakamoto was born in Portland in 1927. He received a B.S. degree from the University of Oregon in 1951. He spent thirty-two years with the U.S. Department of Agriculture managing and marketing government grain inventories in the seven western states. Following his retirement, he worked for the Oregon Wheat Commission assisting farmers in marketing their wheat inventories. He was also a consultant to the wheat industry. Sakamoto is vice president of Oregon Nikkei Endowment, president of the Japanese Ancestral Society, and past commander of the Oregon Nisei Veterans.
Rachelle H. (Riki) Saltzman joined the Oregon Folklife Network as Executive Director in July 2012. She works with a variety of communities and individuals to provide assistance with multicultural and diversity issues, project development, event planning and implementation, presentation of traditional arts and artists, grant writing, and curriculum content. As OFN’s director, she collaborates with groups and organizations to develop projects, writes grants, makes presentations to community groups and state agencies, supervises staff and interns, and creates partnerships. From 1995-2012, Saltzman was the Folklife Coordinator for the Iowa Arts Council, where she developed two award-winning folklife curricula, a radio series featuring foodways stories, and Iowa Place-Based Foods with the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture. Since 1982, Saltzman has worked at private non-profit and state agencies in nine states, where she directed a range of public programs, organized conferences, curated exhibits, conducted research, and was awarded grants from the NEA and NEH as well as from state and non-profit organizations. She has served on the board of the American Folklore Society and the Association for the Study of Food and Society, for which she coordinates the student food prizes. Saltzman, who has her PhD in Anthropology (Folklore) from the University of Texas at Austin, is on the editorial advisory board for Heartland Foodways (UI Press), and has authored A Lark for the Sake of Their Country; the 1926 General Strike volunteers in folklore and memory (2012, Manchester U Press; Wayland D. Hand Prize).
Royce Saltzman is professor emeritus at the University of Oregon. He is co-founder, with Helmuth Rilling, of the Oregon Bach Festival, and presently serves as director emeritus. Saltzman was president of the International Federation for Choral Music, 1985-1993, and president of the American Choral Directors Association, 1979-1981. He is a member of the International Honorary Committee of the Zimriya Festival, a world assembly of choirs in Israel; the advisory board of the Acdaemia Bach de Venezuela in Caracas; and the board of trustees, International Bachakademie, Stuttgart, Germany.
Jack T. Sanders earned his Ph.D. degree in Religious Studies at the Claremont Graduate University in southern California in 1963 and joined the faculty of the University of Oregon in 1969. During his career he published six books and numerous articles on aspects of early Christianity and ancient Judaism. After his retirement from UO in 2002 he moved to Pendleton, where he discovered an important Jewish presence in the early days of settlement. He is the author of Samuel Rothchild. A Jewish Pioneer in the Days of the Old West published in 2011. Dr. Sanders died on January 21, 2016.
Richard Sanders is a Portland-based writer and editor who left a career in national educational publishing to return to Oregon in 1977 to work as speechwriter for Governor Bob Straub. Since then, he has written Government in Oregon, a high school text, and Glimpses from the Past: The Housing Authority of Portland, Fifty Years of Building a Better Community, and edited several personal memoirs. He has finished a manuscript for a pictorial history of Portland State and currently freelances.
David Sarasohn became an editor and columnist at The Oregonian in 1983. His columns, distributed nationally by the Newhouse News Service, have twice won Best in the West and are included in Best Newspaper Writing, 2008-09. In 2002. he won the Eugene C. Pulliam Editorial Fellowship, a project that became the book Waiting for Lewis and Clark. He received a Ph.D in history from UCLA and also wrote, Party of Reform: Democrats in the Progressive Era. He has taught at Reed College, UCLA, and Portland State University.
Roger Saydack curates museum and gallery exhibitions and writes and lectures about the art of the Pacific Northwest. He is the author of David McCosh: Learning to Paint is Learning to See; C.S. Price: Landscape, Image and Spirit; and a number of essays about other Oregon painters. In addition to his work in the visual arts, Mr. Saydack is a classically–trained musician who is a nationally recognized expert in leading music director searches for symphony orchestras. He works as a lawyer and law professor in Eugene, Oregon.
John Scanlan is a Language Arts teacher at Sunridge Middle School in Pendleton, Oregon. He has lived and taught in Pendelton since 1997. He has written and published several articles in the Oregon English journal and has a short story included in Bob Sizoo's Teaching Powerful Writing.
Liza J. Schade is an Oregon historian and former museum collections curator. She has a BA in History from Portland State University and is currently working on an MA in Public History, with a minor in Pacific NW history. She is currently a collections intern at the Museum of the Oregon Territory, gives tours of the Portland Underground Tunnels, and serves on the Harrison Cemetery and Cedar Mill Historical Society boards.
Dan Schaefer has contributed his skills as a concept artist to film and television productions for more than twenty-two years. His list of projects vary from animation, advertising, and feature films including projects for NBC, MGM, TNT, Nike, Intel, and Cadillac. He has had the opportunity to work with a talented list of directors such as Gus Van Sant, Guillermo Arriga, Jonathan Frakes, Frank Oz and Mark Romanek. Since 2007 his film company, Filmbyframe, has produced four documentary features including Kings of the Road, Mania, Figaro, and House by the Side of the Road.
Patricia A. Schechter is associate professor of History at Portland State University. Her book Ida B. Wells-Barnett in American Reform, 1880-1930 (Chapel Hill, 2001) won the Sierra Book Prize from the Western Association of Women Historians. She and her students have worked on a number of community-based history projects in Oregon with groups like the YWCA of Greater Portland, the Oregon Nurses Association, and the Oregon Trail Chapter of the American Red Cross.
Paul Scheerer is a fish biologist for Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife's Native Fish Investigations Project. Paul has worked for the agency for nineteen years focusing on the recovery of Oregon's native nongame fishes. He was the recipient of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Recovery Champion award in 2006 for his work.
Jim Scheppke was the State Librarian of Oregon from 1991 to 2012. He worked at the Oregon State Library for twenty-five years and before that at the Texas State Library. He served as president of the Oregon Library Association and of the Western Council of State Libraries, and has written numerous articles for professional library publications. He was named Oregon Library Association Librarian of the Year in 1996 and received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Oregon Association of School Libraries in 2001. He has a Master of Library and Information Science degree from the University of Texas at Austin.
Michael Schepps is a writer based in Portland, Oregon who focuses primarily on historical creative nonfiction. They hold a BA in Anthropology from the University of British Columbia and a MFA from Portland State University. They were the Nonfiction Editor for the Portland Review and the co-author of the Portland State Native American Student and Community Center's Art Catalog. Schepps is currently at work on a book.
Grant Schott graduated from Oregon State Univrsity in Poitical Science in 1995, where he was mentored by the legendary professor, William McClengahan. He has worked primarily as a political and labor union staffer,
Steven Schreiber is a lifelong resident of Oregon and a graduate of Oregon State University. He served as an executive for the Port of Portland where he was responsible for the management of Portland International Airport and the Port's general aviation airports. Steven also served as Director of the Center for Volga German Studies at Concordia University and President of the Oregon Chapter of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia.
June Arima Schumann is a Nikkei who was born in Japan of a Japanese American mother and a Japanese national father. When she was 11, she came to the United States classed as an alien dependent of a U.S. citizen. She grew up in Denver and received a B.A. in art education at Ottawa University in Kansas, and an M.S.W. at Temple University. Her professional career for over thirty years was as policy and program planner in gerontology services. She is one of the founders and the first director for the Oregon Nikkei Legacy Center, established in 1998.
E.A. Schwartz is the author of The Rogue River Indian War and Its Aftermath, 1850-1980 (Oklahoma, 1997) and taught American Indian history and the history of the West at California State University, San Marcos, from 1991 until 2010. The University of Missouri in Columbia granted him a Ph.D. in history in 1991.
Tina Schweickert holds an MS in history of science from Oregon State University and a BS in environmental science from Willamette University. She worked as environmental policy analyst for State of Oregon and City of Salem before returning to graduate school to study environmental history. Her publications include Nature in Chains: The Effects of Thomas Jefferson’s Rectangular Survey on a Pacific Northwest Landscape (2009 MS thesis) and one book Tread Softly (2005) on the teachings of Vedic philosophy and nature. She was an Oregon Heritage Fellow, 2009. Tina manages a wildlife preserve on her family farm in the Waldo Hills.
John B. Scott is an assistant professor of history at Corban University in Salem. He holds an M.A. in History and Government from the University of Portland. John serves on the board of directors of the Willamette Heritage Center in Salem. He has written for and served on the editorial board of Willamette Valley Voices – the history journal of the Willamette Heritage Center. Along with his wife SuEllen, he enjoys studying the regional history, bird-life, and botany of the Pacific Northwest.
William R. Seaburg is Professor of Anthropology in the Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences Program at the University of Washington Bothell. His research interests include ethnohistory, the history of anthropological fieldwork in the Pacific Northwest, and Pacific Northwest Native American oral traditions. He is co-author (with Lionel Youst) of Coquelle Thompson, Athabaskan Witness: A Cultural Biography (University of Oklahoma press, 2002), editor and annotator of The Nehalem Tillamook: An Ethnography, by Elizabeth D. Jacobs (Oregon State University Press, 2003), and editor and annotator of Pitch Woman and Other Stories: The Oral Traditions of Coquelle Thompson, Upper Coquille Athabaskan Indian (University of Nebraska Press, 2007).
Cornelia Becker Seigneur is a freelance journalist, speaker, teacher, editor, photographer, blogger, mom of five, and author of Images of America: West Linn and WriterMom Tales. As a family, community, and faith writer, Seigneur has written stories for The Oregonian newspaper, The Huffington Post, The West Linn Tidings, and Christianity Today, among other publications. She is the founding director of the Faith & Culture Writers Conference. Find out more information and reach her through her website: www.corneliaseigneur.com
Paul Senz is a graduate of the University of Portland, where he majored in music and theology. A native of Verboort, Oregon, he has long had a passion for history, especially Oregon history, and has done extensive research on the history of the Catholic Church in Oregon. Paul is currently pursuing a Master of Arts in Pastoral Ministry through the University of Portland.
Donald J. Sevetson is a retired minister of the United Church of Christ. He served as conference minister of the Central Pacific Conference (Oregon and southern Idaho) of the UCC from 1980 until 1996. He is a graduate of Macalester College and Chicago Theological Seminary. He lives in Portland.
Todd Shallat, Ph.D., teaches history and urban studies at Boise State University. He is the author and co-author of more than 20 books about about remarkable western landscapes, urban, rural, and wild.
John Sheehy graduated from Reed in 1982; he is the volunteer director of Reed's Oral History Project and is currently a college trustee. Sheehy has been widely active in publishing; he currently consults for print and online publishers.
David Sherrod is an Earth scientist who has mapped widely in Oregon. Though perhaps best known for publications about the Cascade Range, his body of work includes studies in Arizona, Washington, Hawai'i, Tanzania, and Panamá.
Gregory P. Shine works in the Oregon/Washington State Office of the U.S. Bureau of Land Management and serves as an adjunct faculty member in the History Department at Portland State University. For fourteen years, he served as Chief Ranger and Historian at Fort Vancouver National Historic Site. He has produced studies, reports, presentations, technical papers, and digital media for the U.S. Bureau of Land Management and U.S. National Park Service, as well as articles for several journals, including the Oregon Historical Quarterly.
Marilyn Shotola, flutist and theorist, is Professor Emeritus in the Portland State University School of Music. She earned a Master of Music and Doctor of Musical Arts from the University of North Texas. She performed in the New Mexico Symphony, Oregon Symphony and Britt Festival Orchestra. She has especially enjoyed playing chamber music, most notably in Trio Spectrum for fifteen years with Tomas Svoboda and Stan Stanford. Currently she is part of the jazz quartet Studio 909.
Robert W. Shotola is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Portland State University where one of his specializations was sociology of the arts. He is a painter, photographer and musician.
Carol Shults is a ballet teacher and dance historian based in Portland. She has worked at Ballet Oregon as Ballet Mistress and at Oregon Ballet Theatre as teacher/historian. Her writing has appeared in the Oregon Ballet Theatre Playbill, Ballet Review, The Dance Critics Assn. newsletter, and publications of the Oregon Cultural Heritage Commission.
Aurora Siegler was born and raised in Oregon, and is a recent University of Oregon graduate. She has a Bachelor's of Science in Educational Foundations and a minor in Comparative Literature. She is currently attending the University of Oregon's UOTeach Master's Program for her elementary teaching certificate. She also has a strong interest in the history of psychology and its implications on the current outlook of mental health care.
Donna Sinclair, M.A., is program manager at the Center for Columbia River History and president of the Northwest Oral History Association. She has worked as an independent historian since the late 1990s. In addition to researching and writing histories of Arlington Club and the Fort Vancouver National Site, she has served as oral historian for the Oregon Historical Society, Reed College, and the U.S. District Court of Oregon. She is currently in the PSU Urban Studies Ph.D. program. Her research areas are policy and narrative theory and method.
Jeremy Skinner works in the Archives and Special Collections at Lewis & Clark College, where he has collaborated on two books and multiple articles relating to the history of publishing, including The Literature of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (2003) and Jefferson's Western Explorations (2004). He has an M.A. in history from Portland State University.
Peter Sleeth is a freelance writer based in Lake Oswego, Oregon. He is a 1983 graduate of the University of Oregon's journalism program. He won a 2007 Pulitzer Prize in journalism for his work as a member of a reporting team for the Oregonian. He is a fifth-generation Oregonian whose Oregon Trail ancestors helped settle Benton County in 1853. He spent 30 years at newspapers across the country, taking him to locales ranging from the American West to South America to the Middle East during the 2003 invasion of Iraq. His research interests center on 19th Century Oregon as well as the role of Quakers in ending slavery.
Cessna (Duke) Smith had a law-enforcement career that included many years with the Multnomah County Sheriff’s Office and the Portland Police Bureau before he retired as the chief of police in Columbia City, Oregon. A contributor of historical-interest articles for local publications and an avid collector of books on nineteenth-century Oregon, he received an M.A. in history from Portland State University specializing in the Pacific Northwest; his thesis concerns the development of agricultural commerce in western Oregon between 1825 and 1861.
Courtland L. Smith is an anthropologist, educator, and scientist who studies how human values, culture, and history affect ecological and economic issues. He joined the Department of Anthropology at Oregon State University in 1969. He is the author of several articles in scientific journals and general interest publications, books, and monographs.
Gregg Smith was raised in Bates. His grandfather came to Bates in 1922 and was boss of the machine shop until retirement. Smith graduated from Bates Grade School and Prairie City High School. He worked in the mill before going to college. Smith played the critical role in guiding the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department to acquire the Bates site and develop a state park there. Smith currently is an advisor to the Friends of Bates State Park, a citizen group that supports the development and operation of Bates State Park.
Rachael Smith is an undergraduate student at the University of Portland studying education with history and English minors. Originally from Gig Harbor, Washington, she now finds a home in Portland, Oregon.
Dale Soden currently is a Professor of History at Whitworth University in Spokane, Washington. He received his undergraduate degree in history from Pacific Lutheran University and his Masters and Ph.D. from the University of Washington in American Intellectual History. He has taught at Whitworth since 1985 after teaching at both Oklahoma Baptist University and Pacific Lutheran. He has published numerous articles on the history of the Pacific Northwest as well as the biography The Reverend Mark Matthews: Activist in the Progressive Era (University of Washington Press, 2001), and Historic Photos of Washington State (Turner Publishing, 2008).
Rickie Solinger is a historian who writes about reproductive politics and the role of race and class in determining who gets to be a legitimate mother in the U.S., who does not, and how these definitions have changed over time. Solinger has written and edited eleven books, including The Abortionist: A Woman Against the Law (1994, 2019) about Ruth Barnett, Wake Up Little Susie: Single Pregnancy and Race before Roe v. Wade (1992, 2000), and Reproductive Justice: An Introduction, with Loretta Ross (2017). She is also a curator of art exhibitions on allied topics that have traveled to more than 150 college and university art galleries.
Adam M. Sowards is professor of history at the University of Idaho. He has published dozens of articles and chapters on Northwest environmental history and is the author of United States West Coast: An Environmental History (2007) and The Environmental Justice (2009), a biography of William O. Douglas and the editor of Idaho's Place (2014).
Mark Spence is an independent scholar living in Albany, Oregon. He is the author of Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removal and the Making of the National Parks (Oxford, 1999) and co-editor of Lewis and Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives (California, 2004).
Brandon Spencer-Hartle is a graduate student in the University of Oregon’s Historic Preservation Program. He received an undergraduate degree in Community Development from Portland State University in 2009 and has been an active member of Portland’s Friends of the Ladd Carriage House since 2005. Brandon currently serves on the Historic Preservation League of Oregon’s Board of Advisors.
Patricia E. Squire, executive director of the Portland State University Alumni Association, was the University contact for the Simon Benson House renovation project. The House sits on a corner lot in the Park Blocks on the University's campus. The Alumni Association was a major contributor to the House, and occupies the second floor. The first floor is open to the public and serves as a campus and community resource.
William C. Stack received his bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Portland and Portland State University. He is a seasoned educator who has taught at the high school and college levels. He has written a book titled, Historic Photos of Oregon as well as articles on President John Adams, George Flavel, and Glenn Jackson. He lives in Portland with his wife and daughter.
Ann Staley, native of the Keystone State, traveled cross-country in her VW bug during the summer of 1971, picking-up hitch-hikers and delivering them to their destinations. A retired teacher, she has taught writing, literature, and education at five Oregon school districts, four community colleges, and two public and two private universities. For two decades she taught writing workshops at the Northwest Writing Institute at Lewis & Clark College. She was a co-founding editor of FIREWEED: Poetry of Western Oregon. Ann is an essayist and poet whose book Primary Sources (2011) was nominated for an Oregon Book Award.
Nicholas Starin has a history degree from the University of Oregon and a Master of Urban and Regional Planning from PSU. He works for the Portland Bureau of Planning and Sustainability as a historic resources planner. in 2008, he co-authored the National Historic Landmark nomination for Portland's Skidmore/Old Town Historic District. He has a passion for historical bibliography and is forever compiling bibliographies for the history and architecture of Portland and Oregon.
Harry H. Stein is an independent scholar, consulting historian and former college professor. He has written Gus J. Solomon: Liberal Politics, Jews, and the Federal Courts (2006), collaborated on Merchants, Money and Power: The Portland Establishment, 1843-1913 (1988), co-edited Muckraking: Past, Present and Future (1973), and authored pictorial histories of Portland and Salem, corporate histories and historical articles on Lincoln Steffens, muckraking, the Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, and other subjects. He is currently writing a history of the Oregonian.
Susan Stelljes is the author of Wonder Dog, the Story of Silverton Bobbie (2001). She discovered the story of Bobbie while doing volunteer work on the archives of the Oregon Humane Society. She is involved with Silverton's annual Bobbie Day (February 15) to commemorate Bobbie's return to Silverton, and is a judge for the Bobbie Look-a-Like contest held before the Silverton Pet Parade the third Saturday in May. Susan lives in Portland. She is currently working on a novel.
Siva Stephens is a freelance writer who lives in Portland, Oregon. But you should not hold that against her.
Native Oregonian Alan D. St. John lives in Bend, where he is a freelance naturalist, writer, and photographer. A specialist in herpetology, he wrote the field guide Reptiles of the Northwest (2002) and Oregon's Dry Side: Exploring East of the Cascade Crest (2007). St. John's work has appeared in National Geographic, Outdoor Photographer, Country, Natural History, and the New York Times. He also worked as a reptile keeper at the Oregon Zoo and conducted extensive herpetological field surveys for several agencies.
Jennifer Strayer studied art history and psychology at the University of Oregon, where she received a B.A and an M.A. After moving to Portland, she completed photography classes at the Pacific Northwest College of Art and assisted photographer Marian Wood Kolisch. She has curated photography exhibits for S. K. Josefsberg Studio and the Oregon Historical Society, published articles in the Oregon Historical Quarterly, and exhibited photo-based art at Mark Woolley Gallery and Chambers Fine Art.
Michael Strelow is an emeritus professor of English and American Studies at Willamette University. His 2005 ecological novel, The Greening of Ben Brown, was a finalist for the Ken Kesey Award of the Oregon Literary Arts. His other novels are: Henry: A Novel of Beer and Love in the West (2013); Some Assembly Required (2017); The Moby-Dick Blues (2018); and three children's books that form a unified trilogy: The Princess Gardener, The Alyssa Chronicle, and Jake's Book. His poetry and fiction have appeared in a number of literary and commercial magazines including The Bellingham Review, Willow Spring, Hubbub, Kansas Quarterly, Sou'wester, Oregon Quarterly, Orchid Magazine and others.
Bernadine Strik is an Extension Berry Crops Professor of Horticulture at Oregon State University and the Berry Research Leader at the North Willamette Research and Extension Center, OSU.
Linda Strine is a native Oregonian, raised on the Southern Oregon coast, and was one of the twelve jurors in the New Carissa trial pertaining to the stern's removal. Linda retired in 2003 after twenty-seven years with North Bend School District, twenty-four of which she was the administrative assistant to the superintendent of schools. She resides in North Bend, Oregon, with a view of the bay that the New Carissa successfully navigated at least twelve times before meeting her demise off the shores of Coos Bay in 1999.
Chantal Strobel leads the marketing and communications for the Deschutes Public Library. She also oversees a dynamic programming department that produces 135 cultural events each year, and is the project director for the community read program "A Novel Idea." Prior to her work with the Library, she served as an associate editor for San Diego Magazine and was an account executive for the public relations firm Hill & Knowlton. She currently serves on the Oregon Humanities Board and the 2014 Oregon Reads Committee.
Robert Stubblefield has published fiction and personal essays in Dreamers and Desperadoes: Contemporary Short Fiction of the American West, Best Stories of the American West, Hayden’s Ferry Review, Left Bank, The Clackamas Literary Review, Cascadia Times, Oregon Humanities, Oregon Salmon: Essays on the State of the Fish at the Turn of the Millennium, Open Spaces, basalt, Talking River Review, Southern Humanities Review, and High Desert Journal, among others. His awards include a Georges and Anne Borchardt Scholarship from the Sewanee Writers’ Conference, Fishtrap Fellowship, and Imnaha Writers’ Retreat Fellowship. Robert grew up in Eastern Oregon and now lives in Missoula, Montana, and teaches at the University of Montana.
Victoria Sturtevant taught sociology and environmental studies at Southern Oregon University from 1980 to 2008 and is consultant for federal agencies. Her research focuses on the social dimensions of forest management, particularly community involvement in social and ecological monitoring, wildfire planning, and collaborative stewardship. She worked with such groups as Southern Oregon Forest Restoration Collaborative, Alliance of Forest Workers and Harvesters, and Applegate Partnership; she served on the City of Ashland’s Economic Development and Wildfire Mitigation Commissions. She has contributed to various workshops, reports, journals and books on collaboration, community assessment, and wildfire planning, and co-edited a book, Forest Community Connections.
Abigail Susik is an assistant professor of art history at Willamette University specializing in the study of the twentieth-century European avant-garde and contemporary art criticism. Originally from Tampa, Florida, Susik received her academic training in New York City. She has published in the Journal of Film and Video and Public: Art, Culture, Ideas (summer 2012). She is working on a book manuscript, "The Vertigo of the Modern: Surrealism and the Outmoded."
Gerald Sussman is a professor of urban studies and international and global studies at Portland State University. He has published 6 books and numerous journal articles on the political economic uses of communications and media, nationally and internationally.
Hope Svenson earned a B.A. from Hampshire College and a Master's of Environmental Design from Yale University. She is an architectural historian currently residing with her daughter in Northeast Portland.
Melissa Swank earned her bachelor’s degree in history at Portland State University in 2009. Currently, she is pursuing her master’s degree in Public History at Portland State University, with an emphasis in Oral History and Native American Studies. She is the first Gordon Dodds Endowed Fellowship recipient (2012) as well as a research assistant for both the Confluence Project and the Oregon Encyclopedia. She expects to complete her studies in Summer 2013.
Evelyn Swart has lived in Joseph, Oregon, since her retirement from Boise State University in 2001. She has three academic degrees: BS in Education, MEd in Special Education, and Specialist in Education Administration. She taught in Elementary, Middle, and High Schools; served as an elementary principal, and as a School District Superintendent. As a consultant and program coordinator for the Idaho State Department of Education, she visited many of the schools in Idaho and became a site visitor for the Blue Ribbon Program of the U.S. Department of Education.