Grace Wick (1888-1958)
Grace Wick was a political gadfly in Portland, where she was an activist against the New Deal. While she had once been involved in mainstream politics as a supporter and friendly acquantaince of Democratic Governor Walter M. Pierce, the Great Depression crushed her economically, and she was increasingly attracted to the marginalized politics of right-wing America.
Wick, who had been an actress on the East Coast, moved to Jackson County in 1922. There she actively helped Pierce in his successful 1922 gubernatorial campaign. In 1927, she moved to Portland and worked as an actress and radio producer. She continued to be politically active, and, according to biographer June Melby Benowitz, “began both a crusade against capital punishment and an attempt to destroy the political career of Governor Pierce.” Politics were personal for Wick, who turned against Pierce after he refused to pardon the son of a friend who had been sentenced to death.
Wick campaigned for Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1932 presidential election and in 1934 ran unsuccessfully for Congress as a pro-Roosevelt Independent. Nonetheless, when Roosevelt’s relief programs failed to help her find long-term work, Wick turned against Roosevelt and the New Deal. In May 1935, she marched down Broadway wearing a barrel plastered with political slogans, including “One of the Forgotten Women of the New Deal!” and “The New Deal of Oregon stinks.”
Wick often used humor in her writing and political appeals. In 1936, she announced her candidacy for Portland’s mayoral election, offering “a kiss for everyone in Portland,” but she soon dropped out of the race. The same year she ran for Congress, losing badly to Nan Wood Honeyman, who was the first woman elected to that office from Oregon.
As Wick’s economic difficulties continued, she bitterly focused on blaming immigrants, Jews, and Communists for national and international problems. She opposed America’s participation in World War II and joined right-wing groups, including the National Gentile League and the American Woman’s Party.
Grace Wick was an activist at a time when politics were becoming an acceptable realm for Oregon women; however, she did not significantly affect state politics. Nonetheless, using humor and a talent for self-publicity, she managed to make herself, and her extreme views, known. Wick died in 1958 in Portland.
June Melby Benowitz, Days of Discontent: Women in Right Wing Politics, 1933-45. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2002.
June Melby Benowitz, Grace Wick: Portrait of a Right-Wing Extremist.” Masters thesis, Portland State University, 1988.